Native Peoples Tribal Site
(MicMac - Wampanoag)
The Micmac Indians of northeast North America are thought to have been the first native American society to encounter Europeans--the Norse VIKINGS who arrived about AD 1000. After John Cabot's visit in 1497, European fishermen and explorers regularly visited Micmac territory, which stretched from New Brunswick and Nova Scotia to Newfoundland.
The Micmac speak an Algonquian language most closely related to CREE, but their closest political and social relations are with the ABNAKI. As expert canoeists and sea navigators, they base their economy on the resources of the sea and its inlets, supplemented by hunting and collecting of plant foods. The Micmac became the first Indians to serve as middlemen in the European fur trade with interior tribes of North America. Missionized by the French in the early 1600s, they remained steadfastly loyal to France for a full generation after the British conquest of 1760. Contemporary Micmac communities are located in much the same territory they occupied five centuries ago. In the late 1980s their population was more than 15,000.
- Link-O-Mania Genealogy Micmac/Mi'kmaq Ancesty
- MicMac History
- Mi'kmaq - The Nova Scotia Museum
- Mi'kmaq Page of UNAMA'KI (Cape Breton Island)
- Mi'kmaq Portraits Collection
- Religious Traditions of the Micmac of Newfoundland
- Mohawk Literature
- Loyalist Resources - Black & Native Web Links
- Joseph Brant
- Joseph Brant (Thayendanegea), Mohawk
- Kahnawake Kanien'keha:ka Culture
- Narragansett History
- Narragansett Literature
- Nez Perce Literature
- Nez Perce Tribe
- Nunavut Implementation Commission
- Nunavut Planning Commission Home Page
- Onondaga Literature
- Ottawa/Potawatomi Literature
- Passamaquoddy Literature
This nation, primarily fishermen, is surrounded by lakes, bays, rivers, streams, and the ocean. Passamaquoddies are an old, old nation, related distantly to the Abnaki and Penobscot. Today they have a representative in the Maine legislature; however they can speak only on concerns of their people.
- Penobscot Literature
Penobscots belong to the Algonquian linguistic family of Abnakis, Passamaquoddies, Malecites, and Pennacooks. They live on both sides of Penobscot Bay and up and down the whole area of the Penobscot River. They were visited by Samuel de Champlain in 1604 and numerous later explorers for the next 150 years. Penobscots made peace with the colonials and remained in their own country (not withdrawing to Canada). Conjointly with the Passamaquoddies, the Penobscots have a representative at sessions of the Maine legislature, privileged to speak on native American tribal affairs only.
- Pequot Literature
- Seneca Literature
The Seneca nation became one of the five strong tribes of the Iroquois linguistic family in central New York state, forming the Iroquois Nation as early as 1390. Later they obtained guns from the Dutch, giving them a dominating influence over the entire northeast. Senecas live between Lake Seneca and the Genesee River, about in the middle of the region. The Iroquois Nation attained the highest form of governmental organization reached by any Native American nation.
- Lakhota/Dakhota/Nakhota (Sioux) Literature
The Dakhota are more easterly, and the "L" sound of their dialect is more like a "d". Those members living in Minnesota are all Dakhota. Lakhota are more westerly and survive in much greater numbers. In general, Dakhota/Nakhota (easterly) are the woodland and Lakhota the Plains peoples, so just as there are big differences in those environments and life there, there are big differences in culture and lifeways.
- Overview of the Great Sioux Nation
- Sioux Heritage
- Suquamish Tribe
- Tlingit Literature
- Tlingit National Anthem: Alaska Natives Online
- Wampanoag Literature
Nauset or Cape Cod Indians, from the exposed position on the Cape, include the Mashpees of the Wampanoag tribe. Their entire territory came under the observation of many early explorers to the "New World," including Samuel Champlain in 1606, and the English Captain Thomas Hunt in 1614-1615. Hunt kidnapped 27 Wampanoag Indians, all of whom were sold into slavery, a just cause perhaps why five years later the Pilgrims landed and first were met by wary, unfriendly Wampanoags. Later, their Chief Massasoit officially welcomed the Pilgrims at Plymouth and signed a treaty of friendship dated 1621.
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